The Obelisk of Axum is a 2500-year-old, 24-metre (78-foot) tall granite obelisk, weighing over 100 tonnes, carved around the 4th century AD by the Axumite Kingdom, an ancient Ethiopian culture. It is one of a group of six obelisks erected at Axum when Ethiopia adopted Christianity under the emperor Ezana in the mid-fourth century A.D. It was looted from the town of Axum by the Italian army in 1937, during Mussolini's regime, and taken to Rome to stand in front of the Ministry for Italian Africa . It is to be returned to Ethiopia.

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